The position of the President of the United States (POTUS) is the highest in the federal government, and the institutional features of this position are set forth in the Constitution. The Constitution outlines the nature and purpose of presidential terms, qualifications, and powers, which contribute to the executive having a certain type of character. The Constitution established a four-year term for the President, and there is a limit of two terms. The purpose of this limit is to ensure that no President becomes too powerful and to prevent the possibility of a dictatorship. In addition to this, the President must meet certain qualifications, such as being a natural-born citizen of the United States, at least 35 years old, and having been a resident of the United States for at least 14 years. The powers of the President are also outlined in the Constitution, and they include the power to veto bills, command the military, and make treaties. The 22nd Amendment, ratified in 1951, limits the President to two terms in office, which helps to prevent the possibility of a dictatorship. It was ratified after Franklin D. Roosevelt was elected four times (openstax). The 25th Amendment, ratified in 1967, outlines the procedures for the Vice President to assume the Presidency in case of the President’s inability to carry out their duties. The institutional features of the Executive contribute to the executive having a certain type of character. ‘The president was to be commander in chief of the armed forces of the United States, negotiate treaties with the advice and consent of the Senate, and receive representatives of foreign nations. Charged to “take care that the laws be faithfully executed,” the president was given broad power to pardon those convicted of federal offenses’ (openstax). The President must ‘demonstrate considerable skill and experience as a communicator and negotiator, possess the diplomatic dexterity, political savvy, courage of convictions, self-awareness and exquisite judgement necessary for superb leadership’ (Monticlair). They must also be able to work with Congress and other branches of government to achieve their goals. The President must be a leader who can inspire and motivate the American people, and must be able to communicate effectively with the public.

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TEXTBOOK FOR REFERENCE https://openstax.org/details/books/american-government-3e


The Constitution establishes that a President’s term lasts for four years. This ensures that there is both stability and adaptability in the executive branch. The nature of the presidential terms is one of the most important aspects of the Presidential institution. The 4-year term enables the President to implement long-term policies while allowing the electorate to hold them accountable through regular elections. This amount of time also helps limit any distractions resulting from the electoral process. Being qualified to hold the presidential office is also another vital aspect of the institutional framework. To be considered “qualified;” You must be a natural-born citizen, you must be at least 35 years of age and lastly, the candidate must have resided in the United States for at least 14 years. 

When it comes down to the powers of the President, the Constitution grants the President both enumerated and implied powers. Enumerated powers include the ability to serve as the Commander-in-Chief of the armed forces, make treaties and veto legislation. This gives the President the power to shape foreign policy playing a crucial role in the legislative process. On the other hand, Implied powers are stated completely in the Constitution but can be inferred from the President’s enumerated powers. For example, having the flexibility to address challenges as they come about effectively, 

The 22nd amendment states,  

“No person shall be elected to the office of the President more than twice, and no person who has held the office of the President, or acted as President, for more than two years of a term to which some other person was elected President shall be elected to the office of the President more than once.” 

This was put into place to prevent the consolidation of power and to uphold the pureness of democracy. The 25th amendment states,  

In case of the removal of the President from office or of his death or resignation, the Vice President shall become President.” 

This amendment was put into place to help provide a smooth transfer of power when necessary.  


1. Krutz, G. (n.d.). 11.1. In 
American government. essay, Openstax. 

1. US Constitution